5 Million Somalis Face Acute Food Security Crisis.
Somalia is currently undergoing a drought that has put a severe strain on a large number of
livelihoods. Poor April-June rains coupled with poor October-December rainfall prospects has led
to worsening of food insecurity situation. Efforts to reduce levels of vulnerabilities continue to be
undermined by irregular weather patterns. Vegetation conditions have worsened and drought
conditions intensified and continue to affect pasture, water, livestock and crops.
According to the FAO-managed Food Security
and Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNAU) and the
Famine Early Warning Systems Network
(FEWSNET), more than 1.1 million people cannot
meet their daily food requirements today, while
another 3.9 million Somalis require livelihood
support to reduce the risk of sliding into crisis.
In Puntland, -severe drought is directly affecting
approximately 150,000 people and has displaced
an additional 12,000 people, according to an interagency
assessment conducted in September 2016.
Food prices have gone up and some have doubled
which in retrospect places the vulnerable
populations in dire need. Pastoral households
interviewed reported that they trek an average
distance of 60 km to access water points for both
human and livestock consumption.
In Somaliland, The FSNAU and the Famine
Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET)
reported in September 2016 that 31 per cent of
the population, or more than one million people,
will be in need of humanitarian assistance in Somaliland until the end of 2016.
malnutrition has worsened and 248,000 people face acute food security crisis.
In Gedo region, locally significant poor Gu rains and poor Deyr rains in October coupled with
conflict have affected nearly 76,000 people, including 3,000 who left their homes in search of
water, according to the inter-agency assessment report conducted in September 2016.
An estimated 89 per cent of the pastoralists have lost at least one animal, while 77 per cent of animal
deaths are attributed to the drought.
Lower Juba, Based on a WASH assessment in Afmadow town, an estimated 90,000
people, consisting of 14,750 households, including 800 newly arrived IDP households,
have limited access to water as a result of the drought.
The town depends mostly on one borehole
and 35 unprotected shallow wells, of which 30 have run dry because of a lack of rainfall.
All actors involved need to immediately react to the situation by responding to calls for aid from
the humanitarian actors operating in Somalia to ensure that the communities in the affected
regions are given lifesaving humanitarian assistance.
5 million People in need of
323,250 Children under 5 years of
age are acutely malnourished
1.1 million People cannot meet their
daily food requirements today
3.9 million Somalis require
livelihood support to reduce the risk
of sliding into crisis
Internally displaced populations
(IDPs) remain extremely vulnerable
and account for 58 per cent of the
people in crisis and emergency.
Critical malnutrition rates continue
to be found in IDP sites.
“As most of Somalia is facing a major crisis, we are given the opportunity to use the lessons of the great famine of 2011 and to fulfill our common responsibility. The earlier we act, the more likely we are to avoid the loss of human lives and massive displacement of population – and to protect resilience and development perspectives. So will we act now – or regret later?”
Gianmaria Pinto – Building Resilience Communities in Somalia (BRCiS Consortium) – Chief of Party
There is dire need to urgently respond to this crisis in various regions of Somalia and Somaliland and all actors need to act now to avert any further food and livelihood crisis!